The Ubuntu Desktop is easy to navigate through.
In this lesson we will go over the features that are relevant for server administration.
At the top, we have our Application menu.
Here we can access a variety of applications, settings and accessories that come with the package.
We have a Terminal Emulator that you can use to execute command lines on your Ubuntu server.
There is a built in text editor, that can be accessed under the "Accessories" menu.
We can also adjust a variety of different system configurations under the Settings menu.
On the desktop, we have a Trash Bin, a File System short cut and Home Folder.
Double click on "File System".
Here, we have access to many important system folders and files.
To access your web root folder, double click on var, then www.
Inside the html folder, right click on the index.html file.
As you can see a menu appears, with options to rename, copy, cut, and delete the file.
We can also open the file in the text editor to make changes.
Now go back to the var directory.
To view information about or change the privileges of a folder, right click on it.
Under the General tab we can see the size of the folder and all it's contents.
We can also see when it was last accessed and modified.
Now click on the Permissions tab.
Here we can see the owner of the folder. In our case, we had given user bob ownership of the folder and elevated bob's privileges to read, write and execute.
We can also see the permission settings for Group users and all others.
To change the permissions, simply click on the menu and modify the option.
Now click Close to exit the panel.
Administering your server through a graphical desktop environment is often easier than doing so through command lines. Especially if you are not used to working with command lines.
When you are finished working with Ubuntu, click the Close button to terminate the VNC connection.
Also exit any sessions you may have active.